What is the Ozone layer? The ozone layer is a natural sunscreen that protects us from the sun’s damaging ultraviolet radiation. This sunscreen contains three oxygen atoms that are continuously being formed and broken down in the stratosphere (the atmosphere layer above the troposphere). We can trace the destruction of the ozone layer caused by one factor, “Chlorofluorocarbons,” commonly found in aerosol cans and released by many electronic appliances like air conditioning. Ozone layer depletion has consequences on humans, animals, and plants. Because of the deficiency, this typically results from higher UV levels reaching us on earth, hurting human (and animal) health. The lack of protection from the layers causes skin cancers, sunburns, and premature aging of the skin; eye diseases like blindness: UV radiation can damage several parts of the eye, including the lens, cornea, and retina. As I mentioned before, the UV radiations that passes through the ozone layer hole can have adverse impacts on agriculture, forestry, and natural ecosystems. Several of the world’s most important crop species are particularly vulnerable to increase UV, resulting in reduced growth, photosynthesis, and flowering. These species include wheat, rice, barley, oats, corn, soybeans, peas, tomatoes, cucumbers, cauliflower, broccoli, and carrots. The marine life is also involved: in particular, plankton (which are tiny organisms in the surface layer of oceans) are also threatened by increased UV radiation. Plankton is essential because it is the first vital step in aquatic food chains; this begins as mid-May brings on the onset of winter, the Antarctic stratosphere cools and descends closer to the surface. These actions will not solve the problem, but they can reduce the ozone layer degradation velocity
The Coriolis effect (caused by the earth’s rotation) sets up a healthy westerly circulation around the south pole, forming a rectangle-shaped vortex that varies in size from year to year. Australia receives a lot more UV radiation than the UK; this means that people living in Australia face 15% more solar radiation than we do. Over the past few years, extensions of the Antarctica ozone hole have spread as far as parts of Argentina, Chile, and the Falkland Islands. For sure, you’re asking yourselves if there are solutions to this problem. Yes, i guess there are some solutions we as human beings can stick to. Producing our ozone gas to replenish what is lost in the
stratosphere. The sun naturally produces ozone with a lot of energy all the time. We should be looking at using immense energy, about twice the USA’s power to do the same thing. That is just impossible. So in our daily lives, we can only do this small but essential item: limiting vehicle driving, using eco-friendly house cleaning products, avoiding the use of pesticides, developing stringent regulations for rocket launches, and banning dangerous nitrous oxide.