Italy One Step Closer To Convert Two ‘Green’ G-550s to EC-37B Compass Call Configuration

G550 EC-37B

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G550 EC-37B
Principal picture: a G550 CAEW. The EC-37B is externally fairly just like the CAEW (Picture credit score: David Cenciotti); within the left field: EC-37B (USAF); proper: inexperienced G550 (Giovanni Maduli)

Two “inexperienced” Gulfstreams might be geared up with the Compass Name mission system as a part of the Joint Airborne Multi-Mission Multi-Sensor System program.

Italy is about to request to america authorities the acquisition of the Compass Call suite to equip two Gulfstream G-550 plane. The 2 plane are a part of the P-MMMS (Piattaforma Multi-Missione, Multi- Sensore/Multi-Mission, Multi-Sensor Platform) program, geared toward acquiring a contemporary asset that may be built-in in a net-centric C4ISTAR structure and later tailored for multi-domain operations.

As a part of P-MMMS program, the Italian Air Drive already acquired two G550 CAEW (Conformal Airborne Early Warning) aircraft. In 2020 the requirement for a brand new SIGINT (Sign Intelligence) plane emerged amongst these included within the Protection Coverage Doc for 2020-2022 (Documento Programmatico della Difesa 2020-2022), within the type of two JAMMS (Joint Airborne Multi-sensor Multi-mission System) plane.

The Italian JAMMS program is structured in additional tranches: the primary one, value 1.2B Euro, covers the acquisition of the primary two Full Mission Succesful (FMC) plane and 6 “inexperienced” airframes that may be transformed at a later stage to both JAMMS or CAEW configurations, along with logistic and infrastructural assist. The Italian Air Drive plans to function a fleet of ten special mission modified G550s. The second, value 925M Euro, covers the modification of 4 out of 6 inexperienced airframes.

G550 AISREW
The primary G550 “inexperienced” for the Italian Air Drive photographed touchdown at Pratica di Mare on Mar. 7, 2022. (Picture credit score: Giovanni Maduli)

The primary of two FMC plane was delivered last year, after the Overseas Army Sale from the US. All the brand new “inexperienced” plane lack a number of the exterior ‘lumps and bumps’ and different apertures already showing on different special-mission Gulfstream G550s, together with the ahead fuselage underside “canoe” fairing that ought to host the Leonardo Osprey 50 AESA radar.

Earlier this month, Italy’s Secretariat Normal of Defence / Nationwide Armaments Directorate (which is accountable for the procurement of materiel, tools and weapon programs for the Italian Armed Forces) authorised the Italian Air Drive request to transform two of the inexperienced G550s, with choices for a 3rd, to the FMC Digital Assault (EA) configuration as a part of the second tranche of this system. The Directorate decided that the one answer able to satisfying the necessities is the EC-37 being developed by the U.S. Air Drive for the Compass Name Rehost program. It will require each a Direct Business Sale, for the acquisition of the plane and the required modifications, and a Overseas Army Sale, for the acquisition of the mission programs and the bottom management stations.

The preliminary doc says that the works to change the primary two airframes may begin as early as October 2023, and the price for the modification is +167M Euro. The Italian MOD outlines a plan to spend money on the EA variant, between 2023 and 2029, a complete of +234M Euro (together with all of the associated floor programs and assist).

An EC-37B Compass Name arrives at Davis-Monthan Air Drive Base, Arizona, Aug. 17, 2022. Compass Name suppresses air defenses by stopping the transmission of important info between adversaries, their weapon programs, and management networks. (U.S. Air Drive photograph by Airman 1st Class Vaughn Weber)

The dedication confirms the data that was contained within the multiyear protection planning doc (Documento Programmatico Pluriennale della Difesa) for 2022-2024. As we reported again then, underneath the Drive Safety and Engagement Functionality entry, the doc hinted at the Electronic Combat variant of the P-MMMS stating “Completion of the acquisition program for brand spanking new plane geared up for and devoted to Digital Warfare operations (EC-37B)”.

As you might know already, the Compass Name system is an airborne tactical digital assault weapon system put in on a closely modified model of the C-130 Hercules, referred to as EC-130H Compass Call. This technique disrupts enemy command and management communications, radars, and navigation programs and limits adversary coordination, which is important for enemy drive administration. Following the sort’s retirement introduced in 2014, the U.S. Air Drive initiated the Compass Name Rehost program, which can transfer the present Compass Name programs from the EC-130H to the brand new EC-37B, primarily based on the Gulfstream G550 Conformal Airborne Early Warning Plane (CAEW) airframe.

The G550 has elevated velocity, endurance, and prolonged stand-off vary over the legacy EC-130H plane, says L3Harris, offering considerably improved survivability, in addition to offering improved stand-off jamming functionality and adaptability to counter subtle communications and radar threats. The primary EC-37s are at the moment being modified and Air Combat Command plans to field five aircraft by the tip of the 12 months, after the primary assessments of the totally modified plane geared up with the Compass Name system.

These first 5 EC-37B plane will host the present Baseline 3 variant of Compass Name, which might be “transplanted” from the retired EC-130Hs. The remaining plane are scheduled to obtain the upgraded Baseline 4 variant currently in development, which can reportedly introduce a brand new low-band jammer system. It isn’t identified which variant might be requested by the Italian Air Drive and likewise which variant the US open might be open to offer.

Ought to the US Division of State approve the FMS, Italy would change into the primary international authorities to amass the extremely labeled Compass Name system and the Italian Air Drive would change into one of many few operators to subject a fight confirmed, state-of-the-art and extremely efficient Digital Assault functionality.

After the modification to the EC-37B “variant”, the G550 will externally be just like the CAEW jets.

Stefano D’Urso is a contract journalist and contributor to TheAviationist primarily based in Lecce, Italy. A graduate in Industral Engineering he is additionally learning to realize a Grasp Diploma in Aerospace Engineering. Digital Warfare, Loitering Munitions and OSINT strategies utilized to the world of navy operations and present conflicts are amongst his areas of experience.

David Cenciotti is a journalist primarily based in Rome, Italy. He’s the Founder and Editor of “The Aviationist”, one of many world’s most well-known and browse navy aviation blogs. Since 1996, he has written for main worldwide magazines, together with Air Forces Month-to-month, Fight Plane, and lots of others, protecting aviation, protection, battle, business, intelligence, crime and cyberwar. He has reported from the U.S., Europe, Australia and Syria, and flown a number of fight planes with totally different air forces. He’s a former 2nd Lt. of the Italian Air Drive, a personal pilot and a graduate in Pc Engineering. He has written 5 books and contributed to many extra ones.



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